来源：中国作家网 | 梅利莎·卢克申科 2020年12月11日16:01
Bugalbeh ， 谢谢！
PANDEMIC. REFLECTION. CREATION.
Jingiwalla jimbelung – greetings friends!
We’ve just come through a year that we didn’t expect, despite scientists telling us over and over again that we can’t attack the natural world without expecting terrible consequences to whip back at us. Few expected Covid, and I think its safe to say that nobody has enjoyed its terrible ravaging. Yet I find myself wondering about our responses to these great upheavals we’ve seen in Australia since February (earlier elsewhere). Chaos and destruction are part of ordinary life of course, but they make a terrible foundation for a paradigm of human existence. Yet an unconscious embracing of just these things – chaos and destruction – are fundamental to modern Australian life. This is what the Colony looked like at birth, and it continues to look like it in so many ways. Most Aboriginal people believe that modern Australia is a nation born of cruelty and genocide two centuries ago, and fostered in denial in the present. For us, Australia is a society where chaos is labelled ‘progress’ and destruction is named risibly, as ‘civilisation.’
Out of chaos comes order, said the great European philosopher Nietzsche. Or at least I always believed he said that, until I employed the marvellous technology at our disposal in this century and found that it was actual said by the Hollywood Director Mel Brooks in Blazing Saddles, paraphrasing Nietzsche!
What Nietzsche actually wrote in his novel Thus Spake Zarathustra was “one must face chaos to give birth to a star.” In a modern, Western context, this sounds a lot like common sense, if also a little bit like a Tony Robbins seminar. No pain, no gain, and all that. But from my Aboriginal perspective, this idea of Nietzsche’s – both his imperious tone, and the underlying philosophy, speak to the unmissable violence at the heart of the European imperial project. The idea that chaos is essential to success, and even somehow desirable, tells this Aboriginal writer that far from being civilised, the Prussian intellectual world that Nietzsche inhabited and grew out of was fundamentally savage. For what is real civilisation but an ongoing, serious search for harmony among people, and among the other living beings of our beautiful planet? Yindyamarra, we call it. Yindyamarra.
Surely the well-known Chinese curse “may you live in interesting times” can be employed here to show that while chaos may be indeed ‘interesting’ it is to be avoided at all cost. Any mature understanding of humanity will take this as given.
Nietzsche was an iconoclast of course, and famously in revolt against the mores of his own society. Yet his philosophy has outlived him, and speaks strongly to what Aboriginal people continue to face. On this continent, for tens of thousands of years, First People enjoyed lawful lives, and democratic governance where no man was above any other man. We had the tremendous joy of owning and managing the Greatest Estate on Earth, as Professor Bill Gammage termed our lush waterways and spectacular forests and plainlands. We understood much of what modern physics teaches, and we were exceptional botanists and gardeners, who knew above all to value the soil which fed us, and which is the basis of all life.
And the savages arrived, with their disease, their guns, their slaves in chains and their fallacies about what we are. British colonists deliberately infected Native people of Turtle Island with small pox and many of us believe that the same happened here. We have been attempting to live with the ongoing European pandemic since the late 18th century. We have been reflecting upon the invasion and dispossession ever since. Creation did not require this chaos to be visited on us; we had already, free of war and pestilence, created the first human society on earth here. Our creation of human society came from observation, from the intimate, detailed, reverent knowledge of our physical and social environments. We invented society, we invented bread, and agriculture. We invented democracy. None of these things required Nietzsche’s chaos. All they required was the shared human capacity for observation, and reflection, and co-operation. I sincerely hope that Australia, and the planet, can abandon the foolish idea that chaos is central to anything but more chaos. May we build peace among our peoples once again, in the spirit of Yindyamarra = a Wiradjuri term for acting slowly, respectfully and appropriately among other humans and non-human animals. Implied in that term is the concept of “Living respectfully in a world worth living in.”
Perhaps it is our responsibility as the Elder culture of the globe, to lead younger, newer nations in rebuilding this understanding. I can’t believe its necessary to spell it out, but apparently, in the aftermath of the year this has been, it is. We welcome you to join us in our endeavours – but please, leave the old, destructive ideas of Nietzsche and those like him in the past where they belong. We are homo sapiens – the thinking ape, and we can, and must, know better, and do better.
Bugalbeh – thank you.